Dr Trump and his first Translation of the Granth Sahib

M G Singh By M G Singh, 31st Oct 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/12ii6w54/
Posted in Wikinut>Reviews>Books>Religion & Spirituality

The Guru Granth is the holy book of the Sikhs. It was first translated by Dr Trump.

The holiest book of the Sikhs

 Sikhism is a comparative recent religion and is attributed to Guru Nanak who lived in the 15th /16th century AD. All his hymns and verses including a lot many contributions from other holy men or Bhagats (Saints) from both Hindus and Muslims have been compiled in this holy book of the Sikhs called the Guru Granth or the Adi Granth. The Adi Granth is a book that was compiled during a period when the Sikh gurus were the temporal heads of the religion from 1469-1708.

The Guru Granth

In 1708 the tenth and last Sikh Guru Gobind Singh on his death, decreed that there will not any more Guru and all Sikhs must consider the Adi Granth as the guru. Thus this book became the de facto Guru and is worshiped in all Gurudwara. The Adi Granth was compiled by the 5th Sikh guru Arjun Dev and after the demise of the 10th guru the task of compiling the Granth and editing and updating it was completed by baba Deep Sigh. The Granth is written in the Gurmukh script, but also makes use of verses in Sanskrit, Persian, Braja Bhasha and Hindi.

Dr Trump and the Missionaries

This book was earlier hand written and no translation was available. In the 19th century Christian missionaries in their zeal to spread the Gospel came down to India in large numbers. One of the missionaries was Dr Ernest Trump. He was a German from Munich and had good knowledge of Sanskrit. He came down to the Punjab and spent some years learning the Gurumukhi script and language. He decided that to spread Christianity it was important that the Indian scriptures should be translated so that the flaws in the religion can be exposed. Thus the aim of Dr Trump and other missionaries was the furtherance of the Christian faith, with an understanding of the local faith.

Dr Trump and the Translation of the Adi Granth


Dr Trump set about the task of translating the Granth Sahib. But his eye sight began to fail him, yet he continued in his task. Dr Trump with his knowledge of Sanskrit could appreciate that the Granth sahib was a treasure trove of verses in the Sanskrit language. However his foreword to the translation was not flattering.
Dr Trump published the translated version of the Adi Granth in 1871. He was also during the period promoted as Professor of oriental languages at Munich. But God seems to have been unkind to Dr Trump who finally became blind and died a deranged man in 1885.
Last Word
Now that a hundred and twenty five years have elapsed we can still thank Dr Trump for translating the Adi Granth. Though his motives were to spread Christianity, but the end result is that he gave to posterity a book to read and Cherish that is the essence of Sikhism

Tags

Dr Trump, Granth Sahib, Guru Gobind, Holy Book Sikhs

Meet the author

author avatar M G Singh
A man who spent his early years in Air Force. An avid writer with over 6000 articles and 60 short stories published.Two novels on the anvil for publication.

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Comments

author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
31st Oct 2012 (#)

Well written and thanks for sharing.

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author avatar M G Singh
31st Oct 2012 (#)

Thank you Md Rezaul for your comment

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author avatar David Reinstein,LCSW
31st Oct 2012 (#)

Great information... I learned quite a lot from this. Thanks!

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author avatar M G Singh
31st Oct 2012 (#)

THANK YOU DAVID. GREAT OF YOU TO HAVE COMMENTED

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
31st Oct 2012 (#)

Man proposes, God disposes! Thanks Madan for an insightful piece - siva

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author avatar M G Singh
1st Nov 2012 (#)

Thank you Siva

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author avatar Denise O
31st Oct 2012 (#)

Madan, a well written piece and darn interesting. The mere dedication of this man should be applauded, gotta love folks like this. Well done my friend. As always, thank you for sharing.:)

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author avatar M G Singh
1st Nov 2012 (#)

Thank you Denise for reading and commenting

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